Srebrenica and Stolac, Site of Contentious Local Election in Bosnia-Herzegovina

Srebrenica and Stolac, Site of Contentious Local Election in Bosnia-Herzegovina

It’s been 21 years since the signing of the Dayton Peace Accords in 1995 that signaled the end of war in Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH). And on 02 October 2012, the local and municipal elections were held, the first major election in which a generation born after the war could vote. Yet, even this new generation of voters could not make changes to the country’s entrenched ethnically based political parties.

IDPs in Northeast Nigeria Facing Increasingly Desperate Situation

The Aftermath of Boko Haram

A Female in Dikwa Camp Working as a Seamstress

A Female in Dikwa Camp Working as a Seamstress

Across Nigeria’s Borno state, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are living in formal camps and informal settlements. During the past few months, humanitarian organizations have begun shedding light on malnutrition and desperate need for food assistance inside IDP camps and across Borno and the rest of northeastern Nigeria. A series of reports and site visits culminated in a 23 August 2016 news release from the World Food Program (WFP) indicating that the number of people in need of food assistance in northeastern Nigeria has increased two-fold since March 2016 to 4.5 million people.

Male IDPs Wittle Firewood in Monguno

Male IDPs Wittle Firewood in Monguno

As those living in northeastern Nigeria, particularly IDPs affected by Boko Haram (BH)-related violence, wait for much-needed assistance — which has recently been hindered by BH attacks on humanitarian convoys and general insecurity — many struggle to survive off income sources such a farm labor, trade, firewood sales, and other odd jobs. Included in this is the reality that some female IDPs, in their desperation to feed their children, even sell their bodies in exchange for money.

IDPs from the Ngala Camp Travel by Donkey Seeking Short-term Work Opportunities

IDPs from the Ngala Camp Travel by Donkey Seeking Short-term Work Opportunities

My husband was killed by insurgents in Marte village, and we don’t have any money to feed our children. Sometimes, men offer 1,000 Naira [3.02 USD] to sleep with us twice per day. I know that everything I am doing is for my children because we don’t have any means to survive. A few of us here think that selling our body may help our children survive.
— Female, 23, Kanuri, Marte IDP

In July 2016, Navanti bore witness to IDPs and residents across Borno State, photographing many of them as they worked to feed themselves and their families.

IDPs in Northeast Nigeria Facing Increasingly Desperate Situation